Saturday, April 28, 2012

Irthington - Eskdale Ward Protestation Returns (Cumberland, England)

A few years ago I photographed and transcribed all the Protestation Returns for Eskdale Ward in Cumberland and these records were taken in 1641-42. The history behind these particular statistics follows (

The Protestation Returns relate to the years 1641/42, around the start of the Civil War. The Protestation was an Oath of loyalty to the King, and was originally drawn up and taken by the members of the House of Commons on May 3rd 1641. The following day the Protestant Peers in the House of Lords also swore it.
On July 30th the House of Commons passed a resolution that all who refused the Protestation were unfit to hold office in Church or Commonwealth. The scope was widened so that it should be sworn by all adults over the age of 18.  In practice this meant all men; women were not usually asked to sign.

A letter was sent by the Speaker of the House of Commons to the sheriffs instructing them to take the protestation with the justices of the peace in their county, and then the incumbent of each parish was to read the protestation to his parishioners and they were all to sign. This took place in February and March 1641/2. The Protestation Returns were then sent back to Parliament.

The Oath:
I, _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ do, in the presence of Almighty God, promise, vow, and protest to maintain, and defend as farr as lawfully I maye, with my Life, Power and Estate, the true Reformed Protestant religion, expressed in the Doctrine of the Church of England, against all Popery and Popish Innovations, within this Realme, contrary to the same Doctrine, and according to the duty of my Allegiance, His Majesties Royal Person, Honour and Estate, as alsoe the Power and Privileges of Parliament, the lawful Rights and Liberties of the Subjects, and any person that maketh this Protestation, in whatsoever he shall do in the lawful Pursuance of the same: and to my power, and as farr as lawfully I may, I will appose and by all good Ways and Means endeavour to bring to condign Punishment all such as shall, either by Force, Practice, Councels, Plots, Conspiracies, or otherwise, doe any thing to the contrary of any thing in this present Protestation contained: and further, that I shall, in all just and honourable ways, endeavour to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland: and neither for Hope, Feare, nor other Respect, shell relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation.

In total I transcribed eighteen parishes in Eskdale Ward which included: Arthuret, Bewcastle, Brampton, Castle Carrock, Crosby Eden, Cumrew, Cumwhitton, Denton, Farlam, Hayton, Irthington, Kirk Andrews, Kirk Linton, Lanercost, Scaleby, Stanwix, Stapleton, and Walton. I have proofread only Lanercost and it was published in 2010 in The Cumbria Journal. I will post a blog every day for the next eighteen days with the names of the individuals who signed the Protestation Returns in each of the eighteen parishes (there will occasionally be a suffix or an occupation and sometimes there will be the name of a particular property within the parish. If this is helpful to anyone that is great. If you have a query then please leave a comment and I will try to answer. I am only researching the Routledge, Tweddle, Robson  and Bushby families (and primarily Routledge because most of my Routledges married other Routledges. Remember I have only proofread Lanercost and I have adhered to the spelling as shown on the original document. If you think that I have a letter wrong in a name feel free to query it and I will answer as soon as possible.

Quarter    Surname    Forename    Suffix    Standing
Irthington    Salkeld    Anthony        Clarkson
Irthington    Bulman    James       
Irthington    Bulman    John       
Irthington    Elwood    John       
Irthington    Elwood    George        milner
Irthington    Harding    William       
Irthington    Gibson    Richard       
Irthington    Bulman    John        taylor
Irthington    Salt    John       
Irthington    Lowdon    Edward       
Irthington    Harding    John       
Irthington    Elwood    Richard       
Irthington    Mulcaster    Richard       
Irthington    Elwood    George       
Irthington    Elwood    Martin       
Irthington    Elwood    George    junior   
Irthington    Holme    Henry       
Irthington    Cragill    Richard       
Irthington    Porter    John       
Irthington    Bulman    John       
Irthington    Harding    Christofer       
Irthington    Harding    John       
Irthington    Harding    Richard       
Irthington    Bulman    Thomas       
Irthington    Bulman    Thomas    junior   
Irthington    Grame    William       
Irthington    Burtholme    John       
Irthington    Armestrong    Christofer       
Irthington    Grame    David       
Irthington    Grame    Thomas       
Irthington    Grame    John       
Irthington    Elwood    Leonard       
Irthington    Burtholme    Christofer       
Irthington    Harding    Thomas       
Irthington    Harding    Francis       
Irthington    Mulcaster    Edward       
Irthington    Hetherington    Christofer       
Irthington    Richardson    John Roger       
Newtown     Tully    Symond       
Newtown     Pattison    Richard       
Newtown     Pattison    Francis       
Newtown     Pattison    John       
Newtown     Hetherington    Christofer       
Newtown     Hetherington    George       
Newtown     Hutton    George       
Newtown     Hetherington    George    senior   
Newtown     Barnefather    William       
Newtown     Hetherington    Clement       
Newtown     Peeres    Henry       
Newtown     Bell    William       
Newtown     Hetherington    John       
Newtown     Elwood    Thomas       
Newtown     Elwood    Christofer       
Newtown     Bulman    Edward       
Newtown     Railton    Thomas       
Newtown     Gibson    Thomas       
Newtown     Gibson    Thomas    junior   
Newtown     Hetherington    Richard       
Newtown     Zehr    John       
Newtown     Elwood    George       
Newtown     Harding    Thomas       
Newtown     Harding    Richard       
Newtown     Dalton    Thomas       
Newtown     Allison    George       
Newtown     Zehr    Thomas       
Newtown     Harding    William       
Newtown     Hardinge    George       
Newtown     Elwood    James       
Newtown     Hetherington    Thomas       
Newtown     Elwood    Martin       
Newtown     Elwood    John       
Newtown     Elwood    Edward       
Newtown     Harding    Thomas       
Newby    Dixon    John       
Newby    Burtholme    Anthony       
Newby    Swan    John       
Newby    Blenechasset    John       
Newby    Wanoppe    John       
Newby    Wanoppe    Thomas       
Newby    Watson    Humfrey       
Newby    Lawson    Robert       
Newby    Warwicke    Thomas       
Newby    Swan    Leonard       
Newby    Coxon    Joseph       
Newby    Dalton    John       
Newby    Dalton    James       
Newby    Dalton    John    junior   
Newby    Burtholme    Thomas       
Newby    Watson    John       
Newby    Warwick als Pedsdeale    Pudsdale       
Newby    Dalton    John       
Newby    Watson    George       
Laversdale    Nicholson    Robert       
Laversdale    Nicholson    Edward       
Laversdale    Nicholson    John       
Laversdale    Nicholson    James       
Laversdale    Swan    Leonard    junior   
Laversdale    Nicholson    William       
Laversdale    Hetherington    William    senior   
Laversdale    Hetherington    George       
Laversdale    Hetherington    William    junior   
Laversdale    Bulman    John       
Laversdale    Nicholson    Rowland       
Laversdale    Stabell    John       
Laversdale    Grame    John       
Laversdale    Grame    Robert       
Laversdale    Nicholson    Rowland       
Laversdale    Hetherington    John       
Laversdale    Grame    William       
Laversdale    Mulcaster    John       
Laversdale    Browne    John       
Laversdale    Hardinge    John       
Laversdale    Hetherington    Richard       
Laversdale    Grame    William        high constable
Laversdale    Grame    George       
Laversdale    Mulcaster    Mathew       
Laversdale    Mulcaster    Edward       
Laversdale    James    Peter       
Laversdale    Grame    George       
Laversdale    Mulcaster    Richard       
Laversdale    Bell    Edward       
Laversdale    Mulcaster    John    junior    Sta:
Laversdale    Mulcaster    John        in Dubbe
Laversdale    Mulcaster    George       
Laversdale    Mulcaster    George    junior   
Laversdale    Mulcaster    Christofer    senior   
Laversdale    Mulcaster    Christofer    junior   
Laversdale    Hetherington    John       
Laversdale    Mulcaster    Thomas       
Laversdale    Mulcaster    Edward       
Laversdale    Bulman    Christofer       
Laversdale    Mulcaster    Edward        son of George
Laversdale    Mulcaster    Edward       
Laversdale    Mulcaster    Leonard       
Laversdale    Mulcaster    John       
Laversdale    Mulcaster    Walter       
Laversdale    Mulcaster    Randell       
Laversdale    Mulcaster    John        In Swotthill
Laversdale    Mulcaster    John    junior   
Laversdale    Taylor    Richard       
Laversdale    Taylor    John       
Laversdale    Warwicke    Thomas       
Laversdale    Hetherington    Thomas        In Cumoerto
Laversdale    Hetherington    Thomas    junior   
Laversdale    Carmor    John       
Laversdale    Warwicke    Joseph       
Laversdale    Reede    Christofer       
Laversdale    Bell    Archibald       
Laversdale    Warwicke    Robert       
Laversdale    Bell    John       
Laversdale    Grame    Thomas       
Laversdale    Uddert    Robert       
Laversdale    Hetherington    William        In Broomhall
Laversdale    Hetherington    George       
    Salkeld    Anthony        Cleric
    Nicholson    Robert        Churchwarden
    Lawson    Robert        Churchwarden
    Bulman    Thomas        Constable
    Elwood    Thomas        Constable

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