Friday, July 3, 2015

A Blake Family at Bacton, Suffolk and environs

The Suffolk Blake Family caught my interest today and they lived around Bacton. I had received a five page history of this family back into the 1400s earlier from another Guild Member but had not done very much with it. Today was the day to enter all that information into Legacy and see what I could find on Find My Past whilst I was doing that. There was some information on Find My Past but the Suffolk Parish Registers have not yet come up on Find My Past or Family Search.

I do have some wills for Suffolk which I have not yet transcribed but the wills for this particular branch are at the Bury Record Office:

Walter Blake, Exning, Suffolk 28 Apr 1674
Christopher Blake, Langham, Suffolk, 1 Feb 1780
Francis Blake, Stanningfield, Suffolk, 29 Apr 1676
Andrew Blake, Witnessham, Suffolk, 8 Feb 1821
Sir James Henry Blake, Langham, Suffolk, 24 May 1832
Elizabeth Blake, Southwold, Suffolk, 9 Dec 1848
Sir Patrick Blake, Langham, Suffolk, 24 Jul 1784
Edward Blake, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, 31 Jan 1770
Sir Patrick Blake, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, 16 Jan 1819
Dame Mary Anne Blake, Great Barton, Suffolk, 12 Aug 1841
Dame Maria Charlotte Blake, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, 3 Jun 1823

The researcher who has extracted this information from the records did so at a time prior to computer research but the thoroughness of the research was such that I have not found anything contrary at this moment in time.  Since the material was given to me to share with Blake family members I will insert the information which I extracted into this webpage. I do not know the name of the researcher to give him/her credit but suffice it to say that the only part of this that is my work is the style of display. I did check entries as mentioned where I could find the information.

I also  mention the Calendar of Patent Rolls as there are entires for Suffolk. There is one entry for Suffolk and it is William Blak during the reign of Edward 1 (1272-1307). The Robert mentioned as the first generation would likely have been born around the mid 1300s. Interesting that I do find a member of the Blake family in Suffolk at this early date (29 Aug 1304).


                          Descendants of [Robert or other] Blake

                                First Generation

1.  Blake [50] either this man was Robert Blake or the reference below refers to the son of this man and he was buried after 29 Nov 1414.

General Notes: Manorial records for Bacton manor survive back to 1413, and there are
Blake entries here, earliest mention is in a court dated 29 Nov 1414 when a
Robert Blake appears holding two pieces of land for a term of seven years
paying a yearly rent of 2d to the lord of the manor.

  His children were:

  + 2 M     i. John Blake [48] was buried before 14 Jan 1431.
  3 M    ii. Robert Blake [76].

General Notes: Court roll for the time of Henry VI 1422-1461 (HA 119;
50/3/143). Court held 21 Apr 1424 record the death of a Robert Blake who held
one and a half acres being part of Athelard's tenement; 28 perches and one
cottage being part of Carter's tenement and that Alice Blake the widow of the
said Robert should hold these for her life and that then these should be sold
by John Sparhawke and John Olive and the money thus arising to be used in deeds
of charity to benefit the souls of Robert and Alice Blake.

       Robert married Alice [77] [MRIN: 23].

                          Second Generation (Children)

2.  John Blake [48] was buried before 14 Jan 1431.

General Notes: In a court held of 21 Sep 1436 there is a long and complex entry
dealing with the Blake family. Basically, the Bishop of Norwich had to make a
ruling on inheritance. John Blake had died by 1434 and that he had had two sons
Richard Blake who was of full age at the time of his father's death and
Nicholas Blake who was not of full age at the time of his father's death but by
1436 was of full age. The brothers were obviously in dispute over their
inheritance and the Bishop ruled in favour of Richard Blake as his father's
next heir and so Richard Blake was admitted to one acre and one messuage of
lands in Bacton. This case had obviously been simmering for some time. In a
court held 14 Jan 1431 in the Court Leet section, Nicholas Blake had paid the
lord a fine for a search to be made in the court rolls for the manor concerning
the title to three acres of copyhold land in Bacton held of the lord of the
manor of Bacton and late in the possession of John Blake deceased.

 His children were:

  + 4 M     i. Richard Blake [47] was born By 1411.
  5 M    ii. Nicholas Blake [49] was born by 1415.

                        Third Generation (Grandchildren)

4.  Richard Blake [47] was born By 1411.

   His child was:

  + 6 M     i. John Blake [45].

                    Fourth Generation (Great-Grandchildren)

6.  John Blake [45].

General Notes: Court held for the manor of Bacton on 16 Apr 1451 has the
admission of John Blake of Cotton to one acre of Eliot's tenement in Bacton and
that the said John Blake of Cotton owing suit to this court through the right
of his father Richard Blake a copyhold tenant of this  manor is admitted tenant
to the foresaid land.

  John married Agnes [46] [MRIN: 13].

     Children from this marriage were:

  + 7 M     i. Robert Blake [43] was buried on 10 Nov 1560 in Bacton, Suffolk,
                   England.
  + 8 M    ii. John Blake [70].

                  Fifth Generation (Great Great-Grandchildren)

7.  Robert Blake [43] was buried on 10 Nov 1560 in Bacton, Suffolk, England.

General Notes: Robert Blake left a will which is at Bury Record Office, will
made 28 Aug 1557, at which time Andrew his son was still alive. Also alive at
the time of the will was Robert Blake's wife Eleanor.

  Robert married Eleanor [44] [MRIN: 12].

     The child from this marriage was:

  + 9 M     i. Andrew Blake [39] was buried on 11 Oct 1560 in Bacton, Suffolk,
                   England.

8.  John Blake [70].

General Notes: Of Eye, Suffolk

Court Roll 1510 - 1530 (ha 119/t99/114)

Also mention of John Blake, son of John Blake and his wife Agnes, who
surrendered two acres of land being part of Tyrrellys tenement and half an acre
of pasture being part of Elyotts tenement all being copyhold land lying in
Bacton to the use of Robert Blake of Cotton (Court 12 Jul 1520). Further
mention of John Blake son of John Blake and Agnes had died seized of lands in
Tyrrells and Eliotts tenements, and that John Blake is his son and heir and is
of full age and is admitted to these lands.

  His child was:

  + 10 M     i. John Blake [65].

                   Sixth Generation (3rd Great-Grandchildren)

9.  Andrew Blake [39] was buried on 11 Oct 1560 in Bacton, Suffolk, England.

General Notes: Court Roll for the manor of Bacton was held 11 Oct 1560 which
records the entry for Andrew Blake's death and that Elizabeth Blake, widow, was
admitted to certain copyhold lands held by Andrew Blake as their son John Blake
was the heir and only aged seven and so his mother was admitted to the lands
during his minority.

Andrew as a son of Robert is also established in the court rolls for Bacton
manor, in an entry subsequent to the entry already referred to which records
the death of Robert Blake and that John Blake, son of Andrew Blake son of the
said Robert Blake, was his heir and that as the aforesaid John was a minor of
seven years Elizabeth Blake, widow and mother, of the said John was to be
admitted to the copyhold lands held by the said Robert Blake. Manorial Court
Roll for Bacton Manor 1559-1570, HA 119/T99/53; court held 10 Nov 1560

  Andrew married Elizabeth Loft [40] [MRIN: 10] on 15 Nov 1542 in Cotton,
      Suffolk, England.

     Children from this marriage were:

  11 F     i. Agnes Blake [72] was christened on 1 Jul 1543 in Cotton, Suffolk,
                   England and was buried on 18 Jul 1543 in Cotton, Suffolk,
                   England.
  12 F    ii. Ann Blake [73] was christened on 1 Mar 1545 in Cotton, Suffolk,
                   England. Ann married Jeremy Shulward [75] [MRIN: 22] on 3 Feb 1571 in Cotton,
           Suffolk, England.
  13 F   iii. Margaret Blake [74] was christened on 28 Jan 1548 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England and was buried on 23 Apr 1565 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England.
  + 14 M    iv. John Blake [37] was christened on 30 Aug 1553 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England and was buried on 6 Dec 1623 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England.

10.  John Blake [65].

General Notes: John Blake senior

  John married Joan Grange [69] [MRIN: 19], daughter of Hugh Grange [71],  on
      23 Sep 1554 in Cotton, Suffolk, England. Joan was buried on 30 May 1564
      in Cotton, Suffolk, England.

     Children from this marriage were:

  15 F     i. Alice Blake [66] was christened on 4 Aug 1555 in Cotton, Suffolk,
                   England.
  16 F    ii. Margaret Blake [67] was christened on 3 Aug 1560 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England.
  17 F   iii. Agnes Blake [68] was christened on 5 Dec 1563 in Cotton, Suffolk,
                   England.

                  Seventh Generation (4th Great-Grandchildren)

14.  John Blake [37] was christened on 30 Aug 1553 in Cotton, Suffolk, England
       and was buried on 6 Dec 1623 in Cotton, Suffolk, England.

General Notes: John junior at baptism of Robert

A will of John Blake of Cotton in 1623 proves to be the will of the John Blake
married to Margaret and father of Andrew, Francis, etc.

His will is in the Bury branch of the Record Office. It is a long will with
much information contained therein proving that the family  held land of Cotton
Hempnalls manor, and also lands in Bacton. John Blake's wife Margaret was still
alive at the time of John's will but the only burial for a Margaret Blake in
Cotton is in 1675 (too late for this Margaret).

  John married Margaret Dunch [38] [MRIN: 9], daughter of Andrew Dunch [41] and
      Joane [42],  on 10 Jul 1580 in Cotton, Suffolk, England. Margaret died
      after 6 Dec 1623.

     Children from this marriage were:

  18 M     i. Robert Blake [61] was christened on 26 Nov 1581 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England.
  19 F    ii. Jane Blake [62] was christened on 26 Dec 1583 in Cotton, Suffolk,
                   England.
  20 M   iii. John Blake [63] was christened on 20 Oct 1588 in Cotton, Suffolk,
                   England and was buried on 23 Jan 1588 in Cotton, Suffolk,
                   England.
  21 M    iv. John Blake [64] was christened on 8 Feb 1589 in Cotton, Suffolk,
                   England.
  + 22 M     v. Andrew Blake [30] was christened on 10 Jun 1596 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England and was buried on 14 Mar 1660 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England.
  + 23 M    vi. Francis Blake [52] was christened on 3 Jun 1599 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England and was buried on 2 May 1660 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England.
  + 24 M   vii. Thomas Blake [51] was christened on 13 Jan 1602 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England.

                  Eighth Generation (5th Great-Grandchildren)

22.  Andrew Blake [30] was christened on 10 Jun 1596 in Cotton, Suffolk,
       England and was buried on 14 Mar 1660 in Cotton, Suffolk, England.

  Andrew married Frances Walker [31] [MRIN: 7], daughter of Thomas Walker [35]
      and Elizabeth Baldine [36],  on 22 May 1624 in Bacton, Suffolk, England.
      Frances was christened in 1599.

     Children from this marriage were:

  25 M     i. John Blake [32] was christened on 17 Mar 1627 in Bacton, Suffolk,
                   England and was buried in 1687.
  + 26 M    ii. Andrew Blake [11] was christened on 26 Dec 1630 in Wickham
                   Skeith, Suffolk, England and was buried on 22 Jan 1682 in
                   Cotton, Suffolk, England.
  27 F   iii. Elizabeth Blake [34] was christened on 9 Apr 1635 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England and was buried in 1657.
  28 M    iv. William Blake [33] was christened on 3 Nov 1639 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England.

23.  Francis Blake [52] was christened on 3 Jun 1599 in Cotton, Suffolk,
       England and was buried on 2 May 1660 in Cotton, Suffolk, England.

General Notes: Admon and Inventory at Bury Record Office

  Francis married Joan Marriot or Marret [54] [MRIN: 17] on 24 Jun 1624 in
      Cotton, Suffolk, England.

     The child from this marriage was:

  29 M     i. Francis Blake [53] was christened on 21 Sep 1625 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England.

24.  Thomas Blake [51] was christened on 13 Jan 1602 in Cotton, Suffolk,
       England.

  Thomas married Elizabeth [55] [MRIN: 18].

     Children from this marriage were:

  30 F     i. Elizabeth Blake [56] was christened on 23 Nov 1633 in Wickham
                   Skeith, Suffolk, England.
  31 F    ii. Jane Blake [57] was christened on 24 Feb 1634 in Wickham Skeith,
                   Suffolk, England.
  32 F   iii. Margaret Blake [58] was christened on 19 May 1639 in Wickham
                   Skeith, Suffolk, England.
  33 M    iv. John Blake [59] was christened in 1642 in Wickham Skeith,
                   Suffolk, England.
  34 F     v. Mary Blake [60] was christened on 1 Nov 1646 in Wickham Skeith,
                   Suffolk, England.

                   Ninth Generation (6th Great-Grandchildren)

26.  Andrew Blake [11] was christened on 26 Dec 1630 in Wickham Skeith,
       Suffolk, England and was buried on 22 Jan 1682 in Cotton, Suffolk,
       England.

General Notes: Assessed in the 1674 Hearth Tax on two hearths in Cotton

  Andrew married Mary Rodwell [12] [MRIN: 3] in 1660 in Badwell Ash, Suffolk,
      England.

     Children from this marriage were:

  35 F     i. Mary Blake [13] was christened on 7 Apr 1661 in Westhorpe,
                   Suffolk, England.
  36 F    ii. Ann Blake [14] was christened on 4 Jan 1662 in Cotton, Suffolk,
                   England.
  37 M   iii. William Blake [15] was christened on 9 Sep 1665 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England.
  + 38 M    iv. Andrew Blake [3] was christened on 23 Feb 1667 in Westhorpe,
                   Suffolk, England.
  39 F     v. Elizabeth Blake [16] was christened on 10 Apr 1670 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England.
  40 F    vi. Frances Blake [17] was christened on 7 Sep 1673 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England.
  + 41 M   vii. Richard Blake [18] was christened on 7 Apr 1678 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England.
  42 M  viii. Thomas Blake [19] was christened on 5 Nov 1682 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England and was buried on 12 Feb 1684 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England.

                   Tenth Generation (7th Great-Grandchildren)

38.  Andrew Blake [3] was christened on 23 Feb 1667 in Westhorpe, Suffolk,
       England.

General Notes: Farmer at baptism of Elizabeth

  Andrew married Elizabeth Hunt [4] [MRIN: 2] on 6 Oct 1696 in Cotton, Suffolk,
      England.

     Children from this marriage were:

  43 M     i. John Blake [7] was christened on 15 Jan 1698 in Wickham Skeith,
                   Suffolk, England.
  44 F    ii. Elizabeth Blake [5] was christened on 14 Mar 1700 in Wickham
                   Skeith, Suffolk, England and was buried on 8 Apr 1701 in
                   Cotton, Suffolk, England.
  45 F   iii. Elizabeth Blake [6] was christened on 21 May 1702 in Wickham
                   Skeith, Suffolk, England.
  46 M    iv. Andrew Blake [8] was christened on 1 May 1704 in Cotton, Suffolk,
                   England.
  47 F     v. Mary Blake [9] was christened on 22 Mar 1705 in Cotton, Suffolk,
                   England.
  + 48 M    vi. Robert Blake [1] was christened on 30 Dec 1707 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England and was buried on 19 Jun 1777 in Bacton,
                   Suffolk, England.
  49 M   vii. Thomas Blake [10] was christened on 18 Jan 1709 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England and was buried on 23 Jan 1709 in Cotton,
                   Suffolk, England.

41.  Richard Blake [18] was christened on 7 Apr 1678 in Cotton, Suffolk,
       England.

General Notes: Of Westhorpe at marriage to Anne Rose

Labourer at Children's baptisms

  Richard married Anne Rose [20] [MRIN: 4] on 12 Oct 1702 in Wyverstone,
      Suffolk, England.

     Children from this marriage were:

  50 F     i. Sarah Blake [21] was christened on 19 May 1704 in Westhorpe,
                   Suffolk, England.
  51 F    ii. Ann Blake [22] was christened on 20 Dec 1705 in Westhorpe,
                   Suffolk, England.
  52 M   iii. Richard Blake [23] was christened on 26 Mar 1710 in Westhorpe,
                   Suffolk, England.
  53 F    iv. Mary Blake [24] was christened on 31 Jan 1713 in Westhorpe,
                   Suffolk, England.

                    11th Generation (8th Great-Grandchildren)

48.  Robert Blake [1] was christened on 30 Dec 1707 in Cotton, Suffolk, England
       and was buried on 19 Jun 1777 in Bacton, Suffolk, England.

General Notes: Of Bacton at Marriage to Susan Crosby

  Robert married Susan Crosby [2] [MRIN: 1] on 10 Nov 1725 in Beccles, Suffolk,
      England. Susan was born in Bacton, Suffolk, England and was buried on 26
      Aug 1767 in Bacton, Suffolk, England.

     Children from this marriage were:

  54 M     i. Robert Blake [80] was christened on 8 Dec 1727 in Bacton,
                   Suffolk, England.

       Robert married Diana [82] [MRIN: 24].
  55 M    ii. John Blake [81] was born in 1729.

       John married Sarah [88] [MRIN: 26].
  56 F   iii. Susannah Blake [78] was christened in Jan 1730 in Bacton,
                   Suffolk, England.
  57 M    iv. William Blake [79] was christened on 14 Jun 1734 in Bacton,
                   Suffolk, England and was buried on 15 Dec 1822 in Bacton,
                   Suffolk, England.

       William married Mary Roper [97] [MRIN: 28] in 1762 in Wyverstone,
           Suffolk, England.

       William next married Mary Lummis [101] [MRIN: 29] on 10 Jun 1771.

Tuesday, June 30, 2015

Phasing the X chromosome for parents from yourself and siblings

I decided to look at the X chromosomes of my parents and for my brother of course as that is his only X chromosome and from our mother. My father has only one X chromosome and my brother's results do not show any information presumably for my father's X chromosome since only a Y is passed to a male child with my sister and I receiving an X chromosome from our father which he received from his mother and therein lies the mystery. Why do my sister and I not have the exact same results since the X does not recombine?  I had to think this one through. My brother's result is the X chromosome that results from the recombination of our mother's two X chromosomes hence he has no effect on how we look at our father's X chromosome.

As I work my way down there are occasional spots where the X chromosome which my brother received does not allow for the result that my sister and I have received so at that point it becomes either TT or CT / CC or AC / GG or AG etc. So what does this actually mean and does it then become useful to phase the X chromosome. When one looks at the chromosome browser one would think that the three of us matched exactly but a half/match gives the same result as a full/match. If there are two results for some snps on the helix then presumably one of them is switched off so that it is not expressed. I think I am beginning to understand x transmission and why males suffer more from x transmitted diseases because they do not have a second x chromosome to switch off particular snps that are recessive and perhaps unhealthy. I must admit to finding all of this very intriguing. I had a great deal of interest in DNA when I attended University in the 60s but it was still a new field and not yet down into undergraduate courses in a way that I would have found it more fascinating that Honours Chemistry which I did study. For the most part what we received, my sister, and I follows through quite logically although looking through as I now am I can see that in the first 50 snps there are seven either/or in my mother's results or 14% difference between the X chromosome which we inherited and the one that my brother inherited and we roughly share that difference 50/50.

The Xchromosome is also interesting because it lets us look at particular matches that we may have.

I have nine pages of X matches (90) at FT DNA my sister has 13 pages (130) and  my brother has only 3 matches which includes his two sisters and one individual that I can not place. The match has a fairly extensive tree and I can find a couple of lines that might be interesting but the X chromosome is our mother's lines and the Dorset that comes up is on our Father's side. My brother does not share this match with us and it actually includes two sets of surnames and two single surnames with just one that has a tree (but just because they match this singleton match does not mean that they match my brother necessarily). This is actually his first match outside the family so is rather interesting. The tree shows a family with deep Virginia/North Carolina roots and then moving west from there as far as Texas. He is said to be a 4th-distant cousin. To look at X matches for a male the restriction is always towards the female, so our mother and her paternal grandmother and her mother/maternal grandparents but excluding the male line further back each time so always following the female portion plus the husband of the female at each level. That means I am looking at Grace Gray whose family lines were from Bewcastle, Cumberland and Etton/Holme on the Wolds East Riding of Yorkshire; I am looking at Ellen Rosina Buller whose father was born in Birmingham and his mother born at Lichfield with the father from Rugeley Staffordshire and the mother from Ashby de la Zouch Leicestershire and Ellen's mother who is my mystery lady born at Birmingham of parents possibly Thomas Taylor and Ellen Roberts whose lineage both stretches back one more generation at Birmingham and then unknown for Taylor and Warwickshire/Shropshire for the Roberts lines moving back. So a fifth cousin I am looking at 4x great grandparents and comparing that with a chart of ancestry that dates back into early colonial Virginia without any known debarkation point for the emigrant ancestor is virtually impossible. But it is interesting none the less to see that there is only one individual who matches my brother other than his sisters on the X chromosome. That tells me that not very many have tested in these lines but the potential is now there for them to do so as Ancestry moves into the British Isles.

One of my strongest X matches (3rd to 5th cousin with 60.32 cM shared) other than my siblings is with someone whose father's paternal grandmother came directly from Ireland born circa 1850. Anna Foster born 1850 Ireland and the daughter of Robert Foster. She is rather interesting because Anna would have received from her father Robert his only X chromosome passed directly to him from his mother and unaltered in this exchange. Anna then would have passed to her daughter in this case this X chromosome from her father and the one she received from her mother and the two would recombine to form a new X chromosome along with the X chromosome which she received from her father who again received it as passed from his mother whose family tree goes back into Yorkshire and Ireland (an interesting combination). Her mother's side is principally from Ohio/Missouri and before that Virginia. American ancestry is quite fascinating with the variety of ancestral locations to be found in their lines. Comparing her to other known lines she shares almost the same on the X chromosome as another match said to be 2nd to 4th cousin. On Chromosome 11 I have three people with known Irish ancestry who share DNA at almost the same location. Makes you wonder if this is a special block inherited by a number of Irish families. But the largest parts that I share with each of these four individuals including the one I am discussing are on different chromosomes. I need to have more people test that are known to me but that is really difficult given that we have no first cousins, few second cousins and half second cousins but many many third cousins that I do not personally know.

I shall continue working on the phasing of the X chromosomes with somewhat more knowledge than before I think. Discussion even with oneself can be quite beneficial if properly channelled! My living memory has been most beneficial to me and on occasion from comments received has proven to be handy to others which was a side product that I never anticipated when I started my blog in 2008.



Saturday, June 27, 2015

Jeremiah Rawlins (1755 - 1834)

52 Ancestor Challenge - Challenge 26

Blake, King, Coleman, Pearce, Farmer, Mary (unknown), Lambden, Sarah (unknown), Knight, Ellis, Knight, Vincent, Butt, O'Ford, Arnold, Molton, Cotterel, Bartlett, Alderman, Shepherd, Sherwood, Elizabeth (unknown), Happerfield, Collins, Rawlings, Tanner, Dove, Morgan, Lywood, Lanham, unknown, Peck, Pincombe, Charley, Rowcliffe, Pearse, Rew, Moggridge, Siderfin, Kent, Gray, Hilton, Cobb, Sproxton, Routledge, Tweddle, Routledge, Routledge, (unknown) Buller, unknown, Beard, Hemsley, Welch, Brockhouse, Cheatle, Woodcock, unknown Taylor, unknown, Harborne, Lewis, Roberts, Croxall, Lawley, unknown

Jeremiah (Jerome) Rawlins is another of my 4x great grandfathers. He has been known to me since the early part of my time in genealogy. I first met cousins online in 2006. From one of the cousins I received the fiche for Enford and I have imaged the records for the Rawlins family there. Jeremiah, unlike the rest of his siblings, was baptized at Netheravon instead of Enford. Fortunately my cousin had obtained that record as well and the priest has noted that Jeremiah was of Enford when he was baptized. Of note, the Rawlins family lived right at the edge of  the village of Enford close to Netheravon and perhaps on that day or at that time it was just more convenient to have Jeremiah baptized at Netheravon.

Jeremiah was married to Sarah Tanner at Tilshead 1 Nov 1780 and again the priest made a notation that Jeremiah was of Enford.
,





Note the spelling of Rawlins as Rallings. This Rawlins family did not begin to spell their name Rawlings until the early to mid 1800s. Some of my cousins still use the Rawlins spelling for their surname (particularly in Australia).

Jeremiah and Sarah baptized eight children at Enford, 1 baptism not found:

Elizabeth baptized 26 Aug 1781 and married to William Hurkett 10 Feb 1808 at Enford
Thomas baptized 20 Sep 1783 and married to Mary Dove 9 Dec 1807 at Woodford
Anne baptized 6 Dec 1785 and likely dead by 1793
John baptized 8 Oct 1786 (his only son William emigrated to Australia)
Jeremiah baptized 13 Feb 1790 (went to Australia)
Anne baptized 4 Apr 1793; buried 7 Dec 1793 at Enford
William baptized 5 Mar 1797
Anne baptized 5 Mar 1797
James born circa 1801 and married to Ruth Lay 24 Apr 1828 at Enford

My line descends down through Thomas married to Mary Dove and lately correspondence has indicated that my original thought that Thomas may have served in the Napoleonic Wars including being in Canada may be correct. There is a descendant of a child of a Thomas Rawlings born in North America. There is also a daughter Harriet born circa 1813 in Wiltshire but deceased likely by 1819. Thomas and Mary were married 9 Dec 1807 at Woodford. A search of this parish register does not show any Rawlins/Rawlings families there other than this marriage of Thomas and Mary. Mary was of the parish of Woodford although no baptism has been found for her there. They have six children known by me:

Harriet 1813
Isaac 1818
Harriet 1819
Jeremiah 1821
Jane 1823
William 1825 (and my ancestor)

William Rawlings married Elizabeth Lywood 22 Sep 1849 at Amesbury and they had seven children:

George born circa 1851 at Milston married Mary Ann Mead
Harriet born circa 1852 at Enford and married to Charles C Butler mar quarter 1869 at Devizes
Elizabeth born 19 Oct 1853 at Enford and married to William Taylor 11 Feb 1882 at Ludgershall
Mary Jane born circa 1856 at Enford
William born circa 1858 at Enford and married Jane Barlow jun quarter 1883 at Collingbourne Ducis
David born circa 1863 at Enford and married Hannah Elizabeth Broadhurst dec quarter 1891
Sidney Herbert born circa 1870 at Collingbourne Ducis and married Lily Sherwood 10 Oct 1892 at Abbots Ann

My ancestor was Elizabeth and she had a child before her marriage to William Taylor named Ada Bessie Cotteril Rawlings baptized 27 Aug 1876 at Kimpton, Hampshire. Bessie would marry Samuel George Blake 1 Jun 1903 at Kimpton and they were my paternal grandparents. On the 1881 census she is listed as Ada Rawlings living with her maternal grandparents at Collingbourne Ducis.

William Rawlings circa 1902













William and Elizabeth Rawlings get my vote for best grandparents ever as they took in their grand daughter at some point after her birth and baptism at Kimpton (her baptism was five months after her birth at Kimpton) and she perhaps remained with her grandparents until after her mother's marriage in 1882. On the 1891 census she is listed as Bessie Taylor living with her step father, mother and siblings. She then married as Edith Bessie Taylor and I have it on good reference that Ada pronounced by a Wiltshire resident could well sound like Edith by the time it is recorded as such in Kimpton. My father mentioned that he had three grandfathers although only met the one shortly before he came to Canada. My grandmother did know she was illegitimate as her step father signed as a witness on her marriage registration and the name of the father was blank. Perhaps the families decided that they would not marry. Such information did not pass down in my family or in the family of her step siblings.But it all worked out for the best for all parties it would appear as each went on to have their families and were content.

Back to Jeremiah my 4x great grandfather and he was a labourer. His father was William Rawlins and the marriage which another researcher (paid by my cousin) felt with a reasonable search was William Rawlins and Mary Ford 30 Sep 1741 at Wylye and I agree that this is the likely marriage for this couple. They had eight children and five of them were baptized at Enford. For the eldest Mary I have not yet found a baptism; I am missing one for Edward and the youngest, Jeremiah, was baptized at Netheravon.

Mary Rawlings born circa 1742 married Stephen Cotterel 28 Jan 1764 at Enford ( A grandchild of this couple would marry in Australia her second cousin William Rawlins (son of John).)
William baptized 17 Nov 1743 and married Mary Dyke 25 Sep 1766 at Enford
Edward born circa 1745 and married Ruth White 20 Jun 1766 at Enford
Elizabeth baptized 26 Jun 1747 and married Thomas Hillier 31 May 1772 at Enford
Thomas baptized 14 Jan 1748 and buried 11 Jul 1758 at Enford
Martha baptized 23 Jun 1751 and married Robert Matthews
John baptized 22 Oct 1752
Jeremiah baptized 13 Apr 1755 at Netheravon married Sarah Tanner 1 Nov 1780 at Tilshead

At this point William Rawlins and Mary Ford are elusive. Mary was buried 10 Mar 1789 at Enford. My object today is to learn more about William Rawlins and Mary Ford as I have not looked at this family for quite a long time. Solving the mystery of my grandmother happened back in 2006 following the purchase of eight birth/marriage/burial registrations that then permitted me to fit the family of Elizabeth Rawlins/William Taylor together with proofs. At that time I hypothesized a possible ancestry for William Rawlins which I put together from Family Search but discarded it. I have not yet found information for Mary Ford.

Searching for William Rawlins on Find My Past does verify the marriage at Wylye for a William Rawlins and Mary Ford. That this is my William and Mary is mostly based on the best fit - the only couple in the area that fits the description.

There is a baptism of William Rawlings 5 Jun 1716 at Box son of William and Ann and there is a marriage in 1750 at Box of William Rawlings and Mary West which eliminates this William from consideration. There is also a burial in 1760 of a William Rawlings at Box but could be the father of this William. The other baptisms would be underage.

There is a burial in 1759 at Charlton near Pewsey (six miles from Enford) that could well be William Rawlins. The last child born was Jeremiah in 1755. Back in 2004, 2005, 2006 I did a search on the Rawlins family in Family Search and discovered a William Rawlins baptized 6 Apr 1722 at Steeple Ashton son of John Rawlins and Ann Carrington who had themselves been married 21 Dec 1722 at Trowbridge (3 miles from Steeple Ashton). I also found a Mary Ford baptized Nov 1722 in Edington daughter of William Ford and Sarah Harding who had themselves been married 14 Apr 1718 at Edington. These two places are only 2.7 miles apart and just 11 miles to Wylye. They are both underage at the marriage in 1741 but why did they chose Enford to live in. Since William was a labourer he could well have obtained a position in that area noting that Enford is just 14 miles from Edington and 15 miles from Steeple Ashton. At the time this seemed rather fanciful and I abandoned the thought until I decided to write up William Rawlins as my 4x great grandfather and revisited these possibilities.

Looking at Ann Carrington she was baptized 25 Mar 1690 at Holt (2.3 miles from Trowbridge) so a reasonable distance. She was the daughter of Thomas Carrington and Anne Drewett who were themselves married 1 Aug 1687 at Colerne. Colerne is just nine miles from Trowbridge so not too far away. Thomas Carrington was buried 22 Jan 1717 at Holt and Anne Drewett was buried 3 Jul 1722 at Holt.

Looking at William Ford  baptized 15 Jan 1698 at Edington and he was the son of George Ford.

There is a John Rawlings baptized 21 Sep 1696 at Colerne son of William. There is a William Rawlings baptized at Steeple Ashton 16 May 1669 son of William.

Also baptized at Colerne children of William and Ann Rawlings:

Ann Rawlings baptized 17 Nov 1686
William Rawlings baptized 9 Jan 1689
Elizabeth Rawlings baptized 12 Sep 1692
John Rawlings baptized 21 Sep 1696
Thomas Rawlings baptized 14 Jul 1700
 
John, William, Thomas, Henry, Joseph and Gifford Rawlings/Rawlins are all baptizing children in this time period at Colerne.However this is the only John that fits into the marriage of John and Ann.

Looking at the places and events in which I am interested, John Rawlings/Rawlins baptized at Colerne son of William would appear to be an interesting possibility. Then this William perhaps the William baptized at Steeple Ashton 16 May 1669 also son of William. There is a William Rawlings baptized 23 Jan 1624 at North Bradley son of James (North Bradley is just 3 miles from Steeple Ashton).

There are a couple of marriages at Collingbourne Kingston for a William Rawlins - 1684 and 1694 with Anne Farmer and Ann Piper (widower at the second marriage). But it is 24 miles away so reluctant to look at that one too enthusiastically. 

I think the scenario John Rawlings baptized at Colerne son of William baptized at Steeple Ashton son of William baptized at North Bradley son of James sounds like a more reasonable lineage than moving large distances.

Ancestry of Jeremiah Rawlins:

1. Elizabeth BLAKE
2. Ernest Edward George BLAKE (b 20 Aug 1904) - Eastleigh Hampshire England
3. Edith Bessie TAYLOR (b 1 Apr 1875) - Kimpton Hampshire England
4. Elizabeth RAWLINGS (b 19 Oct 1853) - Enford Wiltshire England
5. William RAWLINGS (b 1825) - Enford Wiltshire England
6. Thomas RAWLINS (b 20 Sep 1783) - Enford Wiltshire England
7. Jeremiah RAWLINS (b 13 Apr 1755) - Enford (Netheravon) Wiltshire England
On examination the following appears interesting
8. William RAWLINS  (b 6 Apr 1723) - Steeple Ashton Wiltshire England
9. John RAWLINGS  (b 12 Sep 1696) - Colerne Wiltshire England
10. William RAWLINGS (b 16 May 1669) - Steeple Ashton Wiltshire England
11. William RAWLINGS (b 23 Jan 1624) - North Bradley Wiltshire England
12. James RAWLINGS

This is exciting to look at Rawlins/Rawlings once again. The spelling appears to be somewhat interchangeable in the records with notations being made that it is Rawlins in the Register and Rawlings in the Bishops Transcripts for the same record.

Looking a little more at Mary Ford wife of William Rawlins and married at Wylye, I had found possible parents earlier and I rather think these parents work very well. I am always somewhat troubled when you do not see the forenames appearing later (Sarah does not appear but looking at the marriage of Jeremiah Rawlings to Sarah Tanner which is a solid paper trail and Sarah does not appear in descending families in my line).The parents of this Mary could be William Ford and Sarah Harding who married 14 Apr 1718 at Edington. William is baptized at Edington 15 Jan 1698 son of George. There is a George Ford baptized 8 Apr 1672 at Edington son of William Ford. No marriage for George Ford that is reasonable but there is a marriage for William Foarde and Anne Horte 27 Oct 1662 at Colerne (Colerne is 13 miles from Edington). Another day I must get back to the Ford family. I will also work on the Sarah Harding family. Another time I shall work on the Rawlings family to see if I can find siblings and spouses for the possible ancestors of William Rawlins baptized 1723 at Steeple Ashton..




Tuesday, June 23, 2015

Randomness of inheritance

Thinking about randomness of inheritance as I work my way through the autosomal DNA results for my birth family lines. I thought I might write a macro to make a fast job of this but really I have to look at each line just because that works best for me. Even if another sibling tests then I would do it exactly the same way inserting their results in their birth order. One is left to wonder does birth order matter or is randomness the normal way for passage of DNA from parent to child during fertilization. Does age play a role at all; some diseases are said to be more prevalent in an aging parent than a younger parent. Do some of these genes age in such a way that adenosine becomes more dominant and aggressive in a fertilization process than say guanine or cytosine or thymine? An intriguing thought once you get down to decision making time on particular snps. One can just leave out the snps that one is unsure about and then create a file that you can then upload to gedmatch or can you? I shall have to debate that one for a bit. Gedmatch lets you look at particular lengths of a chromosome which is fascinating in itself. I will buy the extra tools once I have something in hand to work with on this idea of mine.

As a child I always felt different from my siblings and thus far my genetic complement is very different from them although enough sameness that I know we are siblings. I was number four child in a family of seven. My grandmother used to say that I was like her mother and amazingly that could actually be true. My siblings match a Pincombe twice as much as I do (my maternal grandfather) and my match with a known cousin of my grandmother on her father's side which is third cousin looks like a 4th to a 6th cousin on Ancestry so did I also get less of Buller. That only leaves me with Gray (my maternal grandfather's mother) and Taylor (my maternal grandmother's mother). Could she indeed be right that I resembled her mother. My grandmother's mother died when my grandmother was eleven. My grandmother saw her as a woman who spent all of her married life bearing children. My grandmother was the eldest and remembered the birth of her next in line sister and my grandmother would have been almost four years of age at that time. I can remember an event when I was just four years old so I can believe her story. Ada was a blue baby and born just under eight months gestation. She was kept in a bun basket near the stove to keep her warm which was probably why my grandmother remembered it so very well. Her mother had dark hair as mine was (now tinged with grey) but she did have grey eyes and mine are more hazel than grey. She was a tall slim woman probably about my height I suspect but tallness to an 11 year old is a lot of people. What reminded her of me characterwise was my hyperactivity. I was always in motion and that was how she remembered her mother. Plus I loved to sing as did her mother.

A child receives 50% of their DNA from their father and 50% of their DNA from their mother hence making it easy to work out if you have both parents or one parent and a child the likely DNA of the third member. But when you reach back to a grandparent and the amount of DNA they pass to a grandchild that can be quite variable. It could be that 25% is passed by each grandparent but this passing is done in the parent's body so that at fertilization chunks from each of their parents are rearranged at fertilization so that one could actually get nothing from one grandparent and the entire 50% that a parent contributes could have come from the other grandparent. When you reach great grandparent that you are talking about an average of 12.5% of their DNA passing to their great grandchild. The significance of ancestors in the DNA disappears rapidly - 50% in each generation because there are eight great grandparents to contribute to one child. You could have four of the eight contributing to that child and four not which would result in no matches with those lines or you could have the average 12.5% contributed by each great grandparent or some number in between 0 and 25%.

The maximum I could have received from my grandmother's mother then could be as high as 25% if at conception my mother passed DNA to me that consisted of 25% Taylor and no Buller. However I know that I match a Buller third cousin but it could be on the Welch side as a Buller married a Welch and they were my 2x great grandparents and that might account for the 4th to 6th cousin match instead of a 3rd cousin match. Thinking about it it is entirely plausible that I acquired closer to 25% Taylor and that was why my grandmother noticed that I seemed somewhat like her mother in both looks and character. However I must have also acquired some Welch, enough to match as a 4th to 6th cousin. My mother received 50% of her DNA from her mother which would of consisted of Buller and Taylor from her grandparents but the Buller included Buller and Welch and the Taylor included Taylor and possibly Roberts. That is what is so random about all of this we can get chunks that have passed down virtually intact from several generations back and they are our 4th, 5th and 6th cousin matches.

Sunday, June 21, 2015

Sarah Tanner (1758 - 1835)

52 Ancestor Challenge - Challenge 25

Blake, King, Coleman, Pearce, Farmer, Mary (unknown), Lambden, Sarah (unknown), Knight, Ellis, Knight, Vincent, Butt, O'Ford, Arnold, Molton, Cotterel, Bartlett, Alderman, Shepherd, Sherwood, Elizabeth (unknown), Happerfield, Collins, Rawlings, Tanner, Dove, Morgan, Lywood, Lanham, unknown, Peck, Pincombe, Charley, Rowcliffe, Pearse, Rew, Moggridge, Siderfin, Kent, Gray, Hilton, Cobb, Sproxton, Routledge, Tweddle, Routledge, Routledge, (unknown) Buller, unknown, Beard, Hemsley, Welch, Brockhouse, Cheatle, Woodcock, unknown Taylor, unknown, Harborne, Lewis, Roberts, Croxall, Lawley, unknown

Sarah Tanner is my next 4x great grandparent to be presented in this 52 Ancestor Challenge. She was baptized 31 Dec 1758 at Tilshead daughter of John Tanner and Ann Stratton who were themselves married  27 Jan 1752 at Little Cheverell. Sarah's parent were a brick wall for me for a number of years. A researcher for whom I did a transcription (three pages) spent a little time with the Little Cheverell records at the Wiltshire Record Office but did not find any records for John Tanner or Ann Stratton other than their marriage in this village. A stroke of good luck occurred when I uploaded a new tree to Find My Past and I received hints. There was a pointer to Joseph Stratton and Rachel Whitley as the parents of Ann Stratton and that she was baptized 8 Oct 1731 at Winterborne Stoke. I have been a long time utilizing the power of the search engines at Find My Past and can now say that they are terrific. I am slowly following through on the hints which number nearly 600!

It has always been a mystery to me that Jeremiah Rawlings and Sarah Tanner married at Tilshead. The priest noted in the register that Jeremiah was from Enford thus locating him very neatly in my Rawlings family there. Jeremiah is a rather unusual forename in the Rawlings family thus making it doubly easy to connect him with his birth family. But why was Jeremiah in Tilshead? That is a story for another 52 Ancestor Challenge as Jeremiah will be next.

Sarah had one known brother John who was baptized 10 Mar 1756 at Tilshead. These are the only two births that I have found for this couple and the researcher mentioned earlier had looked for births at Little Cheverell where the parents had married in 1752 as four years is a long gap before children in this time period. Ann, mother of John and Sarah, was buried at Tilshead 2 Oct 1779 so plenty of time for more children. I do not however have any information on John Tanner her husband. Although there are hints I can not separate my John Tanner from any of these hints with any sense of correctness. I do not know when or where he died.

This day will be spent looking at possibilities for John Tanner to see if I can locate his baptism and the names of his parents. Since this family moves about a great deal I shall set my checking over a larger area than I might in general.

Possibilities for John Tanner

John Tanner baptized 26 Feb 1726 at Chisledon (21 miles from Little Cheverell) son of John Tanner and Elizabeth King

John Tanner baptized 29 Jun 1729 at Kington Saint Michael (20 miles from Tilshead, 16 miles from Little Cheverell) son of John Tanner

John Tanner baptized 30 Jul 1718 at Kington Saint Michael son of Thomas Tanner

John Tanner baptized 20 Sep 1717 at Bemerton (17 miles from Little Cheverell) son of William Tanner and Mary

John Tanner baptized 17 Nov 1728 at Draycot Cerne (16 miles from Little Cheverell) son of Isaac Tanner and Mary

John Tanner baptized 29 Nov 1717 at Colerne (16 miles from Little Cheverell) son of Benjamin Tanner 

John Tanner baptized 18 Sep 1726 at South Burcombe (15 miles from Little Cheverell) son of John Tanner and Constant

John Tanner baptized 29 Nov 1717 at Box (14 miles from Little Cheverell) son of Gideon Tanner and Jane

John Tanner baptized 27 Nov 1729 at Downton (24 miles from Little Cheverell) son of George Tanner and Jane

John Tanner baptized 25 Jun 1727 at Clyffe Pypard (16 miles from Little Cheverell) son of William Tanner and Elizabeth

John Tanner baptized 23 Aug 1724 at North Bradley (9 miles from Little Cheverell) son of John Tanner and Jane

John Tanner baptized 8 Jul 1727 at Melksham (9 miles from Little Cheverell) son of Townsend Tanner

John Tanner baptized 21 Sep 1719 at Maddington (8 miles from Little Cheverell) son of Thomas Tanner and Christian

John Tanner baptized 20 Nov 1716 at Maddington son of William Tanner and Alice

John Tanner baptized 13 Apr 1725 at Southbroom St James (6 miles from Little Cheverell) son of Edmund Tanner and Susana

Fifteen possibilities for John Tanner who married Ann Stratton at Little Cheverell. One item of interest is the naming of their first child John. Ann's parents were Joseph and Rachel. The children were named John and Sarah. Only four of the baptisms above have John as the father. Sarah does not occur at all. It does seem somewhat strange that Ann would name her first daughter Sarah with her mother named Rachel. Little Cheverell is fifteen miles from Winterborne Stoke but only six miles from Tilshead.

Rachel Strotton was buried 22 Oct 1734 at Winterbourne Stoke. Ann would have been just three years old and would have only known Jane as her mother as a child. Her younger sister Mary must have died as two children are named Mary by Joseph and Jane. Joseph Strotton married  Jane Ganger at Winterborne Stoke 12 Jan 1734 and baptisms for children of Joseph and Jane Stratton at Winterbourne Stoke:

Mary baptized 28 Jan 1735
Mary baptized 31 Aug 1737
Rachel baptized 17 Mar 1746

The Tanner family is a large one just in Wiltshire and finding the correct John Tanner will need some other evidence. I do have the marriage registration for John Tanner and Ann Stratton married 27 Jan 1752 at Little Cheverell but it does not provide any further information. Interestingly enough there is a will written by a Nicholas Tanner of Little Cheverell in the year 1565 where he mentions his wife Alice Tanner, his son Thomas Tanner, his son Hugh Tanner. His overseers are friends or neighbours. No mention of other relatives in this will. There is a Thomas Tanner father of John Tanner baptized 21 Sep 1719 at Maddington just eight miles from Little Cheverell.

It would appear that I need to do more work in Little Cheverell in case the Tanner family is simply not showing up in this area in the FamilySearch or FindMyPast records. Looking at other wills for the Tanner family in this area there is a will for Hugh Tanner dated 1600 and for a Christopher Tanner, husbandman, circa 1639 but neither of these two wills have been scanned to date. There are no wills for the Stratton/Strotton family at Winterbourne Stoke on the Wiltshire Record Office Search. However there are over 200 on the National Archives site for Stratton with 17 from Wiltshire, none appear to be useful. There is one will for Strotton on the National Archives website but again not in a useful time frame.

It would appear that my brickwall continues for John Tanner the father of Sarah Tanner my 4x great grandmother.

Ancestry of Sarah Tanner:

1. Elizabeth BLAKE
2. Ernest Edward George BLAKE (b 20 Aug 1904) - Eastleigh Hampshire England
3. Edith Bessie TAYLOR (b 1 Apr 1875) - Kimpton Hampshire England
4. Elizabeth RAWLINGS (b 19 Oct 1853) - Enford Wiltshire England
5. William RAWLINGS (b 1825) - Enford Wiltshire England
6. Thomas RAWLINS (b 20 Sep 1783) - Enford Wiltshire England
7. Sarah TANNER (b 31 Dec 1758 - Tilshead Wiltshire England
8. John TANNER