Sunday, November 11, 2018

1200 emails

I had not thought to get myself into this difficulty again but I have 1200 emails to either file, answer and or discard hopefully. I really hadn't noticed that I was so far behind with all the gardening and renovating that we have been doing the past year. It will take a bit of time to sort through all of them.

The reason I noticed was a note that I had made to myself back in 2012 which suddenly appeared when I was sorting through some actual paper material. When my husband was awarded a medal in 2012 I had asked for support letters from a number of people. I had managed to thank all of the people except for one. I couldn't find his email at the time. I located it  right away this time but in the process the size of my Inbox suddenly came to my attention.

I did indeed write the thank you letter (I hope it wasn't too short but began to wonder when I received a much longer note back). I decided I had not perhaps been chatty enough so composed a reply with lots of newsy items. Now to get on with the 1200 emails in my Inbox.

I do have this dreadful tendency to write emails and maybe back and forth a few times and then the correspondence fades from my memory. I have convinced myself that people are really busy and would not have expected me to continue with the correspondence anyway. With six siblings, eleven nieces and nephews my correspondence can become quite busy so just letting my readers know that I value all the emails that are sent to me and if you do not hear from me for a while after writing back to me feel free to send me another one.

Tuesday, November 6, 2018

Trans Mountain Pipeline

I really think that the acquisition of the Trans Mountain Pipeline will be one of the best things that Prime Minister Trudeau and his government have done for Canada. I am still hoping that the First Nations will take on this project with their usual efficient management and make this a paying investment for the First Nations. I listened a while back to one of the Chiefs mentioning that they would think of this as a fifty year plan whereby they would use the money made from the Pipeline (and its proposed expansion) to invest in renewable energy so that eventually the renewable project will be the paying investment for the First Nations and they can retire the Trans Mountain Pipeline. First Nations have the knowledge of the land and the dedication to the land to see that there are no spills. They are willing to put in the long hours that are needed to ensure that this pipeline is effectively managed to their benefit and to the land of their birth as well. A happy and prosperous First Nations is a benefit to themselves but also a benefit to Canada.

In just two short months the First Nations have rebuilt the Railway between Winnipeg and Churchill and with them managing the running and the maintenance I am sure that the benefits will be enormous. Churchill will become an even more important port than it is now as global warming decimates the ice in the north. Whether that is a good thing or not; the prediction is that this port will eventually be open year round. Shipping our grain to this port to sell it around the world will greatly benefit our farming areas in the west.

Monday, November 5, 2018

H11 Newsletter, Volume 2, Issue 4

                                                  H11 Newsletter - Volume 2, Issue 4, 2018
Table of Contents
1.    FT DNA – mitochondrial DNA tree
2.    FT DNA Project
3.    Project Statistics
4.    Phylotree
5.    Changes in how a project administrator can view your results

1.    FT – DNA mitochondrial (Mt) DNA tree

FT DNA has now provided the Mt-DNA Haplotree on their homepage. Scroll down to the bottom of the homepage and under Community you find a link to this site.

For the H11 mitochondrial line navigate starting at the top working down from L0 to L123456 to L23456 to L2346 to L346 to L34 to L3 to N to R branch and moving to R0. Then expand and choose HV and expanding it choose H and there are 976 branches under H. Go right to the bottom and choose H-T195C! and expand it. Then choose H11 which has 16 branches under it. At this point, I followed my own branch H11a2a1 and will demonstrate as follows:

Choose H11a with 13 branches. The variety of countries at this level is large:
Germany 54, Ireland 34, England 30, USA 27, Sweden 21, Scotland 14, United Kingdom 11, Poland 10, France 8, Finland 8, Canada 7, Norway 6, Italy 5, Czech Republic 4, and Austria 3.
H11a expands and choose H11a2. There are four more branches under H11a2 and expanding gives H11a2a and it has three branches beneath it. Expanding gives H11a2a1 which is my haplogroup with countries being:
 USA 14, England 14, Ireland 10, Scotland 10, United Kingdom 7, Germany 4, Canada 3, Northern Ireland 2, and Wales 1.
This, one would surmise, is a predominantly British Isles group.

My maternal grandmother was born in Birmingham, England and her mother was also said to be born in Birmingham, England. My closest matches tend to be Northern Ireland or South-west Scotland (namely Argyllshire or Ayrshire). I have communicated with several of the USA members (four to be exact) of this group and they were descendant of a group from Country Antrim who traveled with the Rev William Martin in 1772 to the Carolina Colony. Some members of this group were descendant of Planters from Argyllshire/Ayrshire sent to Northern Ireland by Cromwell in the 1600s. The descendants in the United States tend to refer to this group as Scot-Irish.
The nomenclature for my line is H11a2a1.

The results for country of origin given above are interesting - they total 65 individuals within the FT DNA database that have agreed to have their results used in a research project. Of that group of 65, there are only 17 in this research project (26%) so I must admit that I am perhaps not really adding much to knowledge of this haplogroup with such a small representation in the study.

Of the group in the H11 project there are:
USA 9, England 3, Ireland 2, Scotland 0, United Kingdom 1, Germany 0, Canada 2, Northern Ireland 0, and Wales 0.

I happen to know 2 of the members from England are my brother and myself. All of these individuals are listed in my matches one might think and indeed I have 105 matches between 0 and 3 steps away. I consider 3 steps away to not even be meaningful looking at mitochondrial DNA and actually even 2 steps away does not really entice me to look at the match. I have 1 at a genetic distance of 0 and 23 at a genetic distance of 1. I had not really thought to look at this before. All of the 105 matches belong to H11a2a1 which means to me that only 62% have agreed to have their results used in a research project. Of the 23 that are a genetic distance of 1, 20 have taken the Family Finder Test. None of these 20 individuals match me on Family Finder.

The 23 matches to me are a genetic distance of 1 meaning that our common ancestor could be a thousand years ago or more. That does tell me that although the number of people who agree to be part of the research project is only 62%; there isn't likely anyone that is related to me in a reasonable time frame in this group of matches.

Looking at DNA Painter there are 13 individuals who share a length of DNA on Chromosome 23 with me. Of this group of 13 only two share greater than 15 cM on Chromosome 23 hence I do not really look at this particular set of matches unless they are sharing larger amounts on other chromosomes.
Other members of the group may find more success with their H11 subclade.

2.    FT DNA Project:
There are now 317 members in our H11 project. Full sequence results are completed on 277 members of the group. Interestingly 220 members of this group have also done Family Finder. Unfortunately it is not possible to visually look at the Family Finder results as that would compromise the privacy of individuals. However, you can look at your matches in Family Finder.

3.    Project Statistics (yDNA statistics removed):
Combined GEDCOMs Uploaded        49
DISTINCT mtDNA Haplogroups        16
Family Finder       220
Genographic 2.0 Transfers         20
Maternal Ancestor Information       269
mtDNA            288
mtDNA Full Sequence        277
mtDNA Plus        285
mtDNA Subgroups          22
Total Members        317
Unreturned Kits          12

4.    The latest release of the phylotree used by FT DNA was dated 18 Feb 2016:
H11 breakdown in the PhyloTree mt:







Within the study group we have members in every sub-haplogroup except H11a5 (and it can be seen in the chart above that the mutation C15040T marks this subgrouping). I have written to Dr van Oven several times but he is likely too busy to respond. H11 is a very small subclade of H. In time, he may have time to review H11 once again as I have created more subclades within the breakdown he currently he has for the H11 project. I will not do any of this new expansion in this newsletter but hope to look at that for the next issue when, hopefully, more members of the project have given me permission to look at their presumed/known country of origin.
http://www.phylotree.org/tree/R0.htm *

*van Oven M, Kayser M. 2009. Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation. Hum Mutat 30(2):E386-E394. http://www.phylotree.org.
doi:10.1002/humu.20921

5.    Changes in how a project administrator can view your results
FT DNA has upgraded their access to accounts so that the default is Group Access only. If you wish to have your results included in the project then you must grant Limited Access to the Administrator.

Any submissions to this newsletter can be submitted to Elizabeth Kipp (kippeeb@rogers.com).

Monday, October 22, 2018

Neanderthal and Denisovan

https://www.msn.com/en-ca/news/world/neanderthals-suffered-a-lot-of-traumatic-injuries-so-how-did-they-live-so-long/ar-BBOybzT?ocid=spartandhp

Ever since testing my brother and my own DNA at all the testing companies I have acquired a few results for Neanderthal and Denisovan.

National Genographic found my brother to have 1.9% Neanderthal and 3.5% Denisovan. Our Denisovan is at the upper range as the average is 2.1%.

23 and Me found 300 variants for my brother (highest is 397 in their database apparently) and I tested at 285 variants.

Every once in while, like the article's link above, information is published on Neanderthal. When I was young in the 1940s and 1950s, the image of Neanderthal was poorly understood and assumptions were made at that time that are no longer considered correct. These days Neanderthals are thought to have survived for 500,000 years and perished because of their inability to adapt to the Ice Age. Given other research, the interbreeding with Homo Sapiens did not result in viable male offspring; only female children survived so one is left to surmise this was also a cause for the decline in Neanderthal.

The Denisovan rather intrigues me as we have 3.5% with an average overall for Homo Sapiens tested of 2.1%. Since my family's yDNA and mtDNA are ancient to the British Isles,the presence of 3.5% Denisovan is our family is rather interesting. The mitochondrial line H11a2a1 is thought to have wintered in the Ukraina refuge during the last glacial maximum. East Asians tend to have the higher percentages of Denisovan with 5% being found in some Australian peoples. Where ever did we acquire 3.5%? But then once one gets back into the 7th, 8th great grandparents not all of these individuals are known. Traders from the South Seas were certainly coming to Europe and perhaps I have this very interesting ancestor way back then!

Friday, October 12, 2018

FT DNA - Y-DNA Haplotree and Mt-DNA Haplotree

FT DNA has now provided their Y-DNA Haplotree and Mt-DNA Haplotree on their homepage. Scroll down to the bottom of the homepage and under Community you find a link to this site.

For my Blake line (my paternal line) and starting with A-L1090 then expand and select A-V168; expand and select A-V221. Expand and select BT-M42; expand and select CT-M168; expand and select F-M89; expand and select I-M170 and then expand and select I-P215. Further expanding this branch and choosing I-CTS2257, again by expansion choosing I-L460 and expanding and choosing I-P37. Expanding I-P37 and selecting I-M423, expanding once again and selecting I-CTS5375 and under I-CTS5375 selecting I-L161. Under I-L161 selecting I-S2639. Expanding I-S2639 and selecting I-L1498. Under I-L1498 selecting I-S2703 and expanding and selecting I-S2742. Expanding I-S2742 and selecting I-PH3480. The only country listed for I-PH3480 is England and this particular branch is known to be ancient to the British Isles according to BritainsDNA. I notice that the surname Blake has not been listed so may write to FT DNA to mention that my line is in this branch and the Blake line it represents goes back from my brother to my father who was born in Eastleigh, Hampshire, England with  his father born at Upper Clatford, Hampshire, England and his paternal line having moved from Andover, Hampshire, England to Upper Clatford in 1757. Prior to living at Andover from the late 1500s to 1757, this Blake line was at Knights Enham. The nomenclature for this line is I2a1b1a1a1a1 commonly known as I-PH3480 by FT DNA. The kit is in a group that has several very enthusiastic genetic genealogists working away and they have given his branch the common name I-PH151. This does not yet appear on the 2018 ISOGG tree.

For my mitochondrial line I was also able to navigate starting at the top with R branch and moving to R0 and expanding it. Then choose HV and expanding it choose H and there are 976 branches under H. Go right to the bottom and choose H-T195C! and expand it. Then choose H11 which has 16 branches under it. Choose H11a with 13 branches. The variety of countries at this level is large:
Germany 54, Ireland 34, England 30, USA 27, Sweden 21, Scotland 14, United Kingdom 11, Poland 10, France 8, Finald 8, Canada 7, Norway 6, Italy 5, Czech Republic 4, and Austria 3. H11a expands and choose H11a2 as that leads to my haplogroup. There are four more branches and expanding gives H11a2a and it has three branches beneath it. Expanding gives H11a2a1 which is my haplogroup with countries being USA 14, England 14, Ireland 10, Scotland 10, United Kingdom 7, Germany 4, Canada 3, Northern Ireland 2, and Wales 1. This, one would surmise, is a predominantly British Isles group. My maternal grandmother was born in Birmingham, England and her mother was also said to be born in Birmingham, England. My closest matches tend to be Northern Ireland or South-west Scotland (namely Argyllshire or Ayrshire). I have communicated with several of the USA members (four to be exact) of this group and they were descendant of a group from Country Antrim who traveled with the Rev William Martin in 1772 to the Carolina Colony. Some members of this group were descendant of Planters from Argyllshire/Ayrshire sent to Northern Ireland by Cromwell in the 1600s. The descendants in the United States tend to refer to this group as Scot-Irish. The nomenclature for my line H11a2a1. I manage the H11 haplogroup research project at FT DNA. The results for country of origin given above are interested - they total 65 individuals within the FT DNA database that have agreed to have their results used in a research project. Of that group of 65, there are only 17 in my research project (26%) so I must admit that I am perhaps not really adding much to knowledge of this haplogroup with such a small representation in the study. Of the group in my study there are USA 9, England 3, Ireland 2, Scotland 0, United Kingdom 1, Germany 0, Canada 2, Northern Ireland 0, and Wales 0. I happen to know 2 of the members from England are my brother and myself. All of these individuals are listed in my matches one might think and indeed I have 105 matches between 0 and 3 steps away. I consider 3 steps away to not even be meaningful looking at mitochondrial DNA and actually even 2 steps away does not really entice me to look at the match. So I have 1 at a genetic distance of 0 and 23 at a genetic distance of 1. I had not really thought to look at this before. All of the 105 matches belong to H11a2a1 which means to me that only 62% have agreed to have their results used in a research project. Of the 23 that are a genetic distance of 1 20 have taken the Family Finder Test. None of these 20 individuals match me on Family Finder. They are a genetic distance of 1 meaning that our common ancestor could be a thousand years ago. That does tell me that although the number of people who agree to be part of the research project is only 62%; there isn't likely anyone that is related to me in a reasonable time frame in this group of matches. Looking at DNA Painter there are 13 individuals who share a length of DNA on Chromosome 23 with me. Of this group of 13 only two share greater than 15 cM on Chromosome 23 hence I do not really look at this particular set of matches unless they are sharing larger amounts on other chromosomes.

My husband (Kipp paternal line) has lately tested at Living DNA and they show his paternal line past what he has tested at FT DNA. I was able to trace his line as well and starting with A-L1090 and then expand and choose A-V168, expanding choose A-V221, expanding once again choose BT-M42. Expand and choose CT-M168. Expand and choose F-M89, expand and select IJK-L15. Expand and select K-M9. Expanding once again choose K(xLT)-M526. Expand and select K-YSC00000186 and expand and select P-P295. Expand once again and select P-M45. Expand and select R-M207. Continuing expanding and select R-M173. There are 8,264 branches under this branch. Expand and select R-M343. Continue to expand and select R-L754 and there are now 7,034 branches under this branch. Expand again and choose R-L389; expand again and select R-P297 which has 7,003 branches. Expand again and select R-M269, expand and select R-L23 and there are now 6,954 branches under this branch. Expand and select R-L51; expand and select R-P310; expand and select R-L151 which has 6,753 branches. Expand and select R-U106 and there are just 1,574 branches now. Expand and select R-Z2265; expand and select R-BY30097; expand and select R-Z381 with 1,252 branches. Expand R-Z381 and select R-Z301; expand and select R-L48 with 729 branches. This was as far as we tested at FT DNA. Living DNA then added a few more branches. Expanding R-L48 and select R-Z9; expand and select R-Z331 with its 144 branches. Expand R-Z331 and select R-Z330 with its 130 branches. Expand R-Z330 and select R-Z326 with 129 branches. At some point must do a Big Y 500 on this sample as expanding R-Z326 yields five choices. At this point it is known that this is a Germanic DNA and likely from within 100 km of Amsterdam given what is known about this sub-clade (Countries mentioned on the chart: Germany 31, England 16, USA 9, France 7, Scotland 5, British Isles 4, Norway 4, Netherlands 4, Switzerland 3, Spain 2, Belgium 2, Slovenia 2, Poland, Norway, 2 and Hungary 2). One wonders how much further down one could go with this testing. The nomenclature for this line R1b1a1b1a1a1c2b2b1a or commonly known as R-Z326.