Friday, April 20, 2012

Brampton - Eskdale Ward Protestation Returns (Cumberland, England)

A few years ago I photographed and transcribed all the Protestation Returns for Eskdale Ward in Cumberland and these records were taken in 1641-42. The history behind these particular statistics follows (

The Protestation Returns relate to the years 1641/42, around the start of the Civil War. The Protestation was an Oath of loyalty to the King, and was originally drawn up and taken by the members of the House of Commons on May 3rd 1641. The following day the Protestant Peers in the House of Lords also swore it.
On July 30th the House of Commons passed a resolution that all who refused the Protestation were unfit to hold office in Church or Commonwealth. The scope was widened so that it should be sworn by all adults over the age of 18.  In practice this meant all men; women were not usually asked to sign.

A letter was sent by the Speaker of the House of Commons to the sheriffs instructing them to take the protestation with the justices of the peace in their county, and then the incumbent of each parish was to read the protestation to his parishioners and they were all to sign. This took place in February and March 1641/2. The Protestation Returns were then sent back to Parliament.

The Oath:
I, _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ do, in the presence of Almighty God, promise, vow, and protest to maintain, and defend as farr as lawfully I maye, with my Life, Power and Estate, the true Reformed Protestant religion, expressed in the Doctrine of the Church of England, against all Popery and Popish Innovations, within this Realme, contrary to the same Doctrine, and according to the duty of my Allegiance, His Majesties Royal Person, Honour and Estate, as alsoe the Power and Privileges of Parliament, the lawful Rights and Liberties of the Subjects, and any person that maketh this Protestation, in whatsoever he shall do in the lawful Pursuance of the same: and to my power, and as farr as lawfully I may, I will appose and by all good Ways and Means endeavour to bring to condign Punishment all such as shall, either by Force, Practice, Councels, Plots, Conspiracies, or otherwise, doe any thing to the contrary of any thing in this present Protestation contained: and further, that I shall, in all just and honourable ways, endeavour to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland: and neither for Hope, Feare, nor other Respect, shell relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation.

In total I transcribed eighteen parishes in Eskdale Ward which included: Arthuret, Bewcastle, Brampton, Castle Carrock, Crosby Eden, Cumrew, Cumwhitton, Denton, Farlam, Hayton, Irthington, Kirk Andrews, Kirk Linton, Lanercost, Scaleby, Stanwix, Stapleton, and Walton. I have proofread only Lanercost and it was published in 2010 in The Cumbria Journal. I will post a blog every day for the next eighteen days with the names of the individuals who signed the Protestation Returns in each of the eighteen parishes (there will occasionally be a suffix or an occupation and sometimes there will be the name of a particular property within the parish. If this is helpful to anyone that is great. If you have a query then please leave a comment and I will try to answer. I am only researching the Routledge, Tweddle, Robson  and Bushby families (and primarily Routledge because most of my Routledges married other Routledges. Remember I have only proofread Lanercost and I have adhered to the spelling as shown on the original document. If you think that I have a letter wrong in a name feel free to query it and I will answer as soon as possible.

Surname    Forename    Suffix    Standing
Warwicke    Thomas       
Warwicke    William       
Warwicke    Rogare       
Railton    Georg       
Bethune    John       
Bulman    Thomas       
Balman    Georg       
Balman    John       
Miles    Thomas       
Miles    Richard       
Hetherton    William       
Green    William       
Crghill    Thomas       
Atkinson    William       
Atkinson    Edward       
Atkinson    Ambrose       
Crowe    Georg       
Snnowden    Gene       
Grame    Arthure       
Bendal    Christofer       
Snowden    Samson       
Snowden    Christofer       
Richardson    William       
Lawther    Robert       
Richardson    Georg       
Richardson    Tho:       
Atkinson    Edward       
Burtholme    John       
Burtholme    Christofer       
Richardson    John       
Richardson    John    junior   
Atkinson    Richard       
Bergman    John       
Hetherton    John       
Walker    Christofer       
Walker    Lancelot       
Hetherton    William       
Atkinson    Edward       
Armestrong    Rich:       
Fidler    David       
Lowther    John       
Alwood    Edward       
Hall    Thomas       
Hall    Thomas    junior   
Hall    William       
Atkinson    Simon       
Bell    John       
Bell    Simon       
Bell    Edw:       
Bell    William       
Bell    John       
Renkie    Chi:       
Croser    Rob:       
Bell    John       
Bell    William    son of John   
Bell    Tho:       
Stone    Rinion       
Graham    James       
Atkinson    Will:       
Bell    George       
Hetherton    Rich:       
Hudlasse    John       
Hudlasse    John    junior   
Hudlasse    Richard       
Hudlasse    William       
Atkinson    Christo:       
Atkinson    Edward       
Stephenson    John       
Peacocke    David       
Elwood    John       
Pott    Richard       
Hetherton    Geo:       
Smith    Thomas       
Hetherton    John       
Hetherton    Tho:       
Crowe    John       
Steel    John       
Steel    Mathew       
Watson    John       
Harding    John       
Hall    William       
Burtholme    Tho:       
Cragg    Tho:       
Bendall    Tho:       
Milbourne    John       
Smith    Ralph       
Lowden    Thomas       
Bell    John       
Simpson    Edw:       
Simpson    Rich       
Eames    John       
[G or S] lladson    Ric:       
Eames    John       
Elwood    John       
Hetherton    John       
Wheston    John       
Pearson    Christo:       
Burtholme    John       
Burtholme    Christo:       
Lawderland    William       
Bell    Ar       
Bell    Edw:       
Hrethut    Rowland       
Hencle    John       
Peeres    Christo:       
Atkinson    Stephen       
Hetherton    Christo:       
Hetherton    Edmund       
Rowigal    James       
Ginsin    Ralph       
Miles    Richard       
Atkinson    Chris:       
Broguame    Robert       
Hucsman    Will:       
Lowther    Christ:       
Parker    William       
Ostepen    Alexander       
Roylie    John       
Carracke    Georg       
Watson    John       
?ensison    James       
Bowman    Robert       
Warwicke    Thomas        Vicar of Brampton
Henk?    Richard        Churchwarden
Allwood    John        Churchwarden
Johnzon    George        Churchwarden
D?h?ll    Edw:        Churchwarden
Carracke    Lancelot       
Coulson    Martin       
Bell    ?       
Cudliffe    James    junior   
Hetherton    Rich:       
Armestrong    John       
?ssen    James       
?hen    John       
?ph?    Geo:       
H?    Lancelot       
Tompson    John       
Miles    Christo:       
Burtholme    Christo:       
Wherlande    James       
White    Tho:       
Helison    Nicholas       
Berton    Richard       
Baltie    Rich    junior   
Litle    William       
Huchwatie    John       
Milborne    Barthemew       
Barton    Christopher       
Stubb    William  

1 comment:

Dr. Bill (William L.) Smith said...

Welcome to the GeneaBloggers family. Hope you find the association fruitful; I sure do. I have found it most stimulating, especially some of the Daily Themes.

May you keep sharing your ancestor stories!

Dr. Bill ;-)
Author of "13 Ways to Tell Your Ancestor Stories" and family saga novels:
"Back to the Homeplace" and "The Homeplace Revisited"