Friday, April 27, 2012

Hayton - Eskdale Ward Protestation Returns (Cumberland, England)

A few years ago I photographed and transcribed  all the Protestation Returns for Eskdale Ward in Cumberland and these records were taken in 1641-42. The history behind these particular statistics follows (

The Protestation Returns relate to the years 1641/42, around the start of the Civil War. The Protestation was an Oath of loyalty to the King, and was originally drawn up and taken by the members of the House of Commons on May 3rd 1641. The following day the Protestant Peers in the House of Lords also swore it.
On July 30th the House of Commons passed a resolution that all who refused the Protestation were unfit to hold office in Church or Commonwealth. The scope was widened so that it should be sworn by all adults over the age of 18.  In practice this meant all men; women were not usually asked to sign.

A letter was sent by the Speaker of the House of Commons to the sheriffs instructing them to take the protestation with the justices of the peace in their county, and then the incumbent of each parish was to read the protestation to his parishioners and they were all to sign. This took place in February and March 1641/2. The Protestation Returns were then sent back to Parliament.

The Oath:
I, _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ do, in the presence of Almighty God, promise, vow, and protest to maintain, and defend as farr as lawfully I maye, with my Life, Power and Estate, the true Reformed Protestant religion, expressed in the Doctrine of the Church of England, against all Popery and Popish Innovations, within this Realme, contrary to the same Doctrine, and according to the duty of my Allegiance, His Majesties Royal Person, Honour and Estate, as alsoe the Power and Privileges of Parliament, the lawful Rights and Liberties of the Subjects, and any person that maketh this Protestation, in whatsoever he shall do in the lawful Pursuance of the same: and to my power, and as farr as lawfully I may, I will appose and by all good Ways and Means endeavour to bring to condign Punishment all such as shall, either by Force, Practice, Councels, Plots, Conspiracies, or otherwise, doe any thing to the contrary of any thing in this present Protestation contained: and further, that I shall, in all just and honourable ways, endeavour to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland: and neither for Hope, Feare, nor other Respect, shell relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation.

In total I transcribed eighteen parishes in Eskdale Ward which included: Arthuret, Bewcastle, Brampton, Castle Carrock, Crosby Eden, Cumrew, Cumwhitton, Denton, Farlam, Hayton, Irthington, Kirk Andrews, Kirk Linton, Lanercost, Scaleby, Stanwix, Stapleton, and Walton. I have proofread only Lanercost and it was published in 2010 in The Cumbria Journal. I will post a blog every day for the next eighteen days with the names of the individuals who signed the Protestation Returns in each of the eighteen parishes (there will occasionally be a suffix or an occupation and sometimes there will be the name of a particular property within the parish. If this is helpful to anyone that is great. If you have a query then please leave a comment and I will try to answer. I am only researching the Routledge, Tweddle, Robson  and Bushby families (and primarily Routledge because most of my Routledges married other Routledges. Remember I have only proofread Lanercost and I have adhered to the spelling as shown on the original document. If you think that I have a letter wrong in a name feel free to query it and I will answer as soon as possible.

Townships    Surname    Forename    Suffix    Standing
    Milborne    Richard       
    Milborne    John       
    Greant    Richard       
    Packson    Edward       
    Nichollon    Robert       
    Dixon    John       
    Dixon    Christophr       
    Dixon    William       
    Cruser    Willam       
    Railton    John       
    Railton    John     son of John   
Hayton    Gill    John       
Hayton    Bill    Thomas       
Hayton    Milborne    Richard       
Hayton    Railton    Christophr       
Hayton    Railton    Henrie       
Hayton    Balie    Lancelot       
Hayton    Moises    Thomas       
Hayton    Wesyurch    John       
Hayton    Tinlinge    John       
Hayton    Wigurth    John    elder   
Hayton    Browne    John       
Hayton    Crowe    John       
Hayton    Newton    John       
Hayton    Tinlinge    Thomas       
Hayton    Wesgarth    Thomas       
Hayton    Moises    Thomas       
Hayton    Wisgarth    Christophr       
Hayton    Tompson    Richard       
Hayton    Dixon    John       
Hayton    Bell    John       
Hayton    Railton    James       
Hayton    Dixon    Edward       
Hayton    Grame    Andrew       
Hayton    Moises    Christopher       
Hayton    Dixon    Christopher       
Hayton    Balie    Evonard       
Hayton    Balie    Simond       
Hayton    Jackson    John       
Hayton    Knight    Anthonie       
Hayton    Knight    John       
Hayton    Knight    John    son of John   
Hayton    Drydon    William       
Hayton    Robinson    Anthonie       
Hayton    Robinson    John       
Hayton    Railton    Thomas       
Hayton    Warrick    George       
Hayton    Railton    John       
Hayton    Dixon    John       
Hayton    Bell    Thomas       
Hayton    Dixon    Jonson       
Hayton    Grame    Andrew       
Hayton    Grame    John       
Hayton    Grame    Thomas       
Hayton    Grame    Francis       
Hayton    Grame    Humfrey       
Howe    Hall    Thomas    elder   
Howe    Hall    Thomas       
Howe    Knight    Thomas       
Howe    Knight    Anthonie       
Howe    Maxwell    John       
Howe    Maughen    John       
Howe    Milborne    John       
Howe    Browne    John       
Howe    Milborne    Christopher       
Howe    Hall    Richard       
Howe    Hall    William       
Howe    Milborne    Richard       
Howe    Railton    Christopher       
Howe    Watson    Richard       
Howe    Watson    Thomas       
Howe    Watson    John       
Howe    Railton    Thomas       
Howe    Browne    Thomas       
Howe    Moises    Robert       
Howe    Haule    John       
Howe    Bell    George       
Howe    Moises    Michaell       
Howe    Mandlen    John       
Head Fenton    Haule    John       
Head Fenton    Weller    Humfrey       
Head Fenton    Mattinson    Leonard       
Head Fenton    Stolleck    William       
Head Fenton    Grame    John       
Head Fenton    Hutchenson    William       
Head Fenton    Hutcheson    John       
Head Fenton    Grame    John       
Head Fenton    Crake    James       
Head Fenton    Grame    William       
Head Fenton    Grame    Thomas       
Head Fenton    Railton    Thomas       
Head Fenton    Hall    John       
Head Fenton    Noble    Thomas       
Little Corbie    Tharprow    John       
Little Corbie    Sowdon    John       
    Knight    Thomas        minister
    Dixon    John        Churchwarden
    Haule    Edward        Churchwarden
    Grame    John    elder    Churchwarden
    Grame    John        Churchwarden
    Railton    Henrie        Constable
    Gill    John        Constable
    Dalton    Thomas        Constable
    Coven    Josepath        Constable
    Hutchenson    William        Constable
    Milborne    Jeffrey        Constable
    Milborne    Richard        Constable
Talkin    Milborne    Thomas       
Talkin    Milborne    Thomas       
Talkin    Milborne    William       
Talkin    Milborne    Robert       
Talkin    Teniswood    George       
Talkin    Skellecke    John       
Talkin    Hodgson    John       
Talkin    Fisher    Richard       
Talkin    Pribbley    George       
Talkin    Tenswood    Nicholas       
Talkin    Heaviside    John       
Talkin    Heaviside    John    son of John   
Talkin    Milborne    Robert       
Talkin    Milborne    Thomas       
Talkin    Hetherington    Gandell       
Talkin    Milborne    John       
Talkin    Milborne    Yandell       
Talkin    Heaviside    Anthonie       
Talkin    Milborne    John       
Talkin    Milborne    George       
Talkin    Milborne    Thomas       
Talkin    Milborne    John       
Talkin    Milborne    Thomas       
Talkin    Crowe    Peter       
Talkin    Milborne    Henrie      


John C said...

Elisabeth, thanks for this wonderful blog. I am in the process of tracing my Etherington line back to the original Hetherington line in Cumberland. Finding Randall Hetherington at Hayton in 1641 has been a real treat. Thanks again fro your wonderful work. From sunny Australia, John Cherry

John C said...

Elisabeth, thanks for this wonderful blog and your efforts on transcriptions. I am currently tracing my Etheringtons back to the Hetheringtons in Cumberland and finding a Randall Hetherington at Hayton ahs been a big help. From sunny Australia, John C.